Safety Standard Design for Bumpers on Passenger Cars

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Published: 15th February 2011
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All vehicles in the United States are required by law to have bumpers. Usually installed at the carís front and rear ends, bumpers play a very important role in maintaining passenger safety. Primarily, bumpers are designed to absorb impact during low to medium-impact collisions. Nowadays, though, bumper design is also developed to reduce injuries on pedestrians upon collision with the car.



The government first began requiring the use of bumpers to prevent damage to safety auto parts such as the headlights. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration issued this as a countrywide regulation for all passenger car bumpers. Standards for bumper designs were implemented for each kind of vehicle. Design standards also differed according to the height and size of the vehicle, to ensure maximum absorption of collision impact.



Car design companies obtain licenses for bumper designs by passing the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) Test before presenting it to manufacturers. Long- running car design and manufacturing companies located in places such as Chico, California have been producing effective bumper designs for years and have been complying with industry standards.



Bumper standards have passed through two stages of development. When standards were first implemented, passenger car bumpers were required to prevent any damage to safety-related auto parts other than the bumper. More recent developments in bumper safety standards reduced test impact speeds from 5 mph to 2.5 mph for front and rear testing, and from 3 mph to 1.5 mph for corner testing. Bumpers on all modern cars, even used cars Chico, must comply with all these standards.



In the late 1980s, when road accidents reduced significantly, the government decided to modify some aspects of bumper crash tests. Standards with regard to the damage a bumper sustains during a crash test were implemented. These standards helped many cars, like used cars Chico, be more resistant to damage caused by collisions on the road.



The first bumpers were made from heavy metal, which caused the bumpers to detach from the vehicle upon impact. Modern bumpers, however, can be made from materials such as rubber, steel or aluminum. Like on most used cars Chico, CA, these bumpers are covered by thermoplastic fascia. The fascia provides a layer of protection for the bumper, helping it last longer.

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